API Automation Testing

API automation testing is the practice of using software tools to automatically validate the functionality, reliability, and performance of an application programming interface (API). Rather than manually testing each API call and response, automation scripts can systematically execute tests across the full range of API operations.

This testing approach is critical for ensuring APIs behave as expected when integrated with other applications or systems. Test scripts cover positive, negative, and edge cases – checking for proper data inputs/outputs, error handling, security vulnerabilities, load capacities, and more. Tests can be run in parallel for faster results.

API automation fits into DevOps pipelines for continuous integration and delivery. Test reports identify defects early before production deployment. Comprehensive test coverage raises confidence that API code changes won’t break integrations. Automation reduces human error while increasing testing efficiency.

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